For Your Consideration – What Makes for Award-Winning Sound Editing
Eugene Gearty, sound editor on Ang Lee’s Life Of Pi put it best: “Sound design is based on storytelling in the movie. Everything follows the story. There’s no sense in having a weird sound in there if it doesn’t relate somehow emotionally to what’s happening in the scene or the storyline. Those days are long gone!”
In his sound design for a movie that primarily takes place in the middle of the ocean on a lifeboat occupied by only a boy and a tiger, Gearty had to create most of the sounds since much of the film was shot in a water tank in front of a greenscreen without a tiger.
Although support of the story is one criterion that all audio professionals can agree upon when judging the award-worthiness of sound editing, selecting the best sound is extremely subjective. Bad sound is noticeable, but good sound can be so inherently natural to the scene and story, that is renders itself audibly “invisible.” Sometimes for award-winning sound to stand out as unusual, it has to not stand out at all.In talking about the role of sound in filmmaking, two-time Oscar nominee, Eric Aadahl, supervising sound editor on director Ben Affleck’s Argo explained that “For me, if it’s an incredible story, sound is half of that experience. Creating that immersion and belief that what you are seeing is reality, is what it is all about.” To reach that level of realism with a movie like Argo, the sound must create an audio atmosphere that believably transports the audience back to Iran 1979. For six time Oscar nominee and supervising sound editor, Wylie Stateman, the creative choices in his sound design for Quinton Tarantino’s Django: Unchained, were selected to elicit the stylized feel of a spaghetti western. “For me it is the intellectual decision making. Everybody has access to really fine material, so ultimately it comes down to the clever, expressive style employed. And I say clever because there is a balance between overdoing and under doing the job that requires a keen sensitivity,” said Stateman. “It is like paint. To express a vibrant color, you often have to contrast it with something drab or more dull.” Stateman also compared sound to music, in that it has pitch and tempo, which must be properly applied to be effective in itself as well as complimentary to the score. Zero Dark Thirty sound editor and re-recording mixer Paul Ottosson found the direction for his sound design from the starkly realistic approach of the film, which traces the decade-long hunt for Osama Bin Laden after the 9/11 attacks.
The sound is multi-layered to create a unique ambience for each scene, using the audio to viscerally build up each specific location. “We wanted to place the people in the proper space, but also a really dense space,” explained Ottosson. “When we’re in Pakistan, it’s not just a building that they’re in. It is the eight layers behind that building that make up the city.”
This is Ottosson’s second collaboration with director Kathryn Bigelow after winning both best achievement in sound editing and sound mixing for his work on The Hurt Locker. He was also nominated for best sound editing for Spider-Man 2 in 2004.Skyfall is the fourth Academy Award nomination for Per Hallberg. He previously won the best sound editing Oscar for The Bourne Ultimatum (2007), Face/Off (1997) and Braveheart (1995). Skyfall co-sound editor Karen Baker Landers shared the best sound editing award for The Bourne Ultimatum in 2007.
“As a filmmaker, [director Sam Mendes] is very good at sonically having you focus on what he wants the audience to focus on without a bunch of extraneous sounds,” said Landers in an interview with The SoundWorks Collection. “If the sound is there it’s for a reason. If it’s not there, it’s for a reason.”
“It starts when you read the script and you hear the sounds in your mind,” said Hallberg. “You get ideas, feelings, emotions that can help to tell the story. We have such a wealth of material within our library to draw from, which allows us to focus on creating new, better and more spectacular sound effects for each movie. Because I am a Swede, my approach may be somewhat minimal — in many cases when it comes to sound, less is more. There is a time when sound must be huge and intense, but sometimes the subtleties or even the absence of sound can be equally powerful.”
In the end, it keeps coming back to storytelling and balance. One must judge these works of art within a larger work of art by how well they serve the story, how well they keep us riveted to the story and never distract from that one goal. We’ve all heard it said that picture editing is the invisible art, but sound would also have to be included as an “invisible” art. If the soundtrack is noticeable, you’ve done something wrong, and are less likely to win that coveted award at the end of the day.
Check out Below the Line’s Unofficial Awards Poll
Best Achievement in Sound Editing
- Django Unchained – Wylie Stateman (31%, 23 Votes)
- Life of Pi – Eugene Gearty and Philip Stockton (21%, 16 Votes)
- Skyfall – Per Hallberg and Karen Baker Landers (19%, 14 Votes)
- Argo – Erik Aadahl and Ethan Van der Ryn (15%, 11 Votes)
- Zero Dark Thirty – Paul N.J. Ottosson (14%, 11 Votes)
Total Voters: 75